History Singapore Airlines

Singapore Airlines used to name its planes. What were they all called?

Until the mid-2000's Singapore Airlines assigned a name to each of its aircraft types. Take a step back in time as we remind you what they all were.

SQ 772 Jubilee Small (Chris Finney)

If you’ve been flying (or following) Singapore Airlines for at least the last couple of decades then one thing you’ll probably remember, which you certainly don’t see anymore, is a name adorning the forward fuselage of the aircraft you are about to board.

The policy of giving a unique ‘mark’ to each aircraft type in the fleet, popular with aircraft enthusiasts and many passengers alike, started to be abandoned in 2003/04 under the stewardship of (then-new) CEO Chew Choon Seng.

Here’s a little step back in time to recap on what these aircraft, very few of which remain in service today, were called.

Airbus A300: Superbus

Singapore Airlines marketed the Airbus A300, a type it flew for a short period between 1980 and 1985, as the ‘Superbus’, with newspaper adverts in 1981 such as:

  • Our new A300 Superbus departs Singapore for Kuala Lumpur daily at 9am
  • From 1 April, SIA’s new A300 Superbus departs Singapore for Bangkok at 1.45pm daily

What’s not clear though is whether the aircraft ever actually received ‘Superbus’ titles on the fuselage. We haven’t been able to track down any photos showing it, so we assume this was used only as a marketing tagline.

SQ 300 (Doug Green)
A Singapore Airlines A300 departing Changi, but where are the ‘Superbus’ titles? (Photo: Doug Green)

Airbus A310: 3TEN

SIA’s Airbus A310s carried the (rather unimaginative) ‘3TEN’ titles below the flight deck windows on each side.

SQ 310 (Tim Rees)
A Singapore Airlines A310. (Photo: Tim Rees)

These titles were later removed from the aircraft. We’re not exactly sure when or why, but it looks as though by the mid to late 1990s none of them carried the markings anymore.

Airbus A340-300: Celestar

The Airbus A340-300s were named ‘Celestar’, with the title used heavily in the aircraft’s branding when they joined the fleet in 1996.

For example, newspaper advertisements for daily non-stop flights to Sydney and Paris that year boasted of “The comfort of the Celestar A340, the most sophisticated Airbus in the world”.

SQ 343 (Calixius Casper Koh)
The Celestar titles at the front of the A340. (Photo: Calixius Casper Koh)

We don’t know exactly why the A340-300s were called ‘Celestar’ (pretty much all of the other aircraft names are meaningful or self-explanatory).

One possibility is that it relates to a previous Singapore Airlines trademark ‘Celestel’, the world’s first global sky telephone service, which launched in September 1991.

Celestel

Perhaps the A340-300, which arrived in 1996, was the first aircraft type to be fully fitted with the system? This would make some sense as the aircraft was also the first in the fleet with a guaranteed KrisWorld IFE system at every seat.

Otherwise of course it could simply be an adaptation from the word ‘Celestial’, meaning ‘heavenly’ or ‘of the sky’.

Airbus A340-500: LeaderShip

Singapore Airlines pioneered ultra long-haul services way back in June 2004, with a record-beating 15,300km non-stop service from Singapore to Newark, taking over 18 hours.

These services were made possible by a brand new fleet of five Airbus A340-500 aircraft, which the airline named ‘LeaderShip’.

SQ 345 LeaderShip (Rinaldi Hanafi)
Airbus A340-500s were named ‘LeaderShip’. (Photo: Rinaldi Hanafi)

Non-stop flights to Los Angeles followed, however the operating economics of using a four-engined aircraft at a time of record fuel prices later led to these services being discontinued in November 2013.

The ‘LeaderShip’ titles didn’t last long in fact, as CEO Chew Choon Seng did not favour the policy, and a revised livery design with larger ‘Singapore Airlines’ titles occupied the space formerly used for them.

SQ 345 (Aero Icarus)
Revised titles soon overcame the ‘LeaderShip’ titles on Airbus A340-500s. (Photo: Aero Icarus)

Non-stop flights to Newark and Los Angeles restarted in late 2018, using the airline’s efficient new Airbus A350 ULR aircraft.

Boeing 747-200: Super B

The Boeing 747-200B was referred to as the ‘Super B’ in SIA’s advertising, though like the Airbus A300 we can’t find any evidence it was applied to the outside of the aircraft.

SQ 742 (Frank C. Duarte Jr.)
A Singapore Airlines Boeing 747-200B ‘Super B’. (Photo: Frank C. Duarte Jr)

This could be another one of those ‘marketing only’ designations.

Boeing 747-300: BIG TOP

Singapore Airlines started operating the Boeing 747-300 in 1983, continuing to do so until 2001 when they were eventually replaced by the more advanced Boeing 747-400.

The aircraft had a significantly stretched upper deck compared to the Boeing 747-200, leading SIA to christen it ‘BIG TOP’.

SQ 743 Big Top (Singapore Airlines)
A Boeing 747-300 ‘Big Top’ in Johannesburg. (Photo: Singapore Airlines)

The stretched upper deck accommodated 40 Business Class passengers in a 2-2 layout, compared to 16 passengers in the same format on the Boeing 747-200.

Fun facts:

  • Three of SIA’s Boeing 747-300s were ‘Combi’ aircraft, with the rear section of the main deck converted into a cargo compartment, with its own side loading door. This reduced the passenger capacity from 380 to 304 and was used on ‘combi-cargo’ flights to Australia and Europe.
  • The Boeing 747-300 allowed Singapore Airlines to launch what it promoted as “express daily Big Top one-stop services to London” in 1984. Non-stop London services only came with the advent of the Boeing 747-400, which could fly 2,500km further than the -300 without refuelling.
  • The advent of the Singapore Airlines safety video came on the ‘Big Top’ 747-300s in May 1983. It was the first time SIA cabin crew had not performed the safety demonstration to passengers manually.
SQ 743 Big Top MAN
Singapore Airlines inaugurated flights to Manchester with its Boeing 747-300s in 1986. The airline is now the airport’s longest serving international carrier, operating five times per week to both Houston and Singapore.

SIA’s 14 Boeing 747-300s really paved the way for a significant international expansion, then perfected by its 43 Boeing 747-400s. They retained the ‘BIG TOP’ titles until retirement.

Boeing 747-400: MEGATOP

Perhaps the most well known aircraft name in the Singapore Airlines fleet belongs to the airline’s large Boeing 747-400 fleet. With ‘BIG TOP’ already used, it was ‘MEGATOP’ chosen for what became by far SIA’s largest long-haul fleet of aircraft in the 1990s and 2000s.

The Star Alliance logo took the place of the old ‘BIG TOP’ titles, so the ‘MEGATOP’ branding was moved above the forward upper deck passenger windows.

SQ 744 MEGATOP (Norbert Genci)
The best-known name to adorn a Singapore Airlines aircraft – a ‘MEGATOP’ Boeing 747-400 lifting off from Sydney. (Photo: Norbert Genci)

The ‘MEGATOP’ titles were gradually removed from 2003/04. The final aircraft to have its ‘name’ scrubbed was Boeing 747-400 9V-SMU (a registration now used on an A350).

SQ 744 SMU (Aero Icarus)
9V-SMU, the last Boeing 747-400 to carry the ‘MEGATOP’ titles, was also the 1,000th Boeing 747 built and was adorned accordingly from delivery in October 1993 until November 2003. (Photo: Aero Icarus)

It lost its ‘MEGATOP’ titles in mid-2006, probably coinciding with a major maintenance check.

Boeing 747-400F: MEGA ARK

Singapore Airlines went for a biblical reference for its Boeing 747-400 freighter aircraft, referring to its fleet as ‘MEGA ARK’, presumably after the story of Noah’s Ark.

SQ 74F Mega Ark (Chris Finney)
A Singapore Airlines Boeing 747-400 Freighter after landing at Adelaide in December 2004. (Photo: Chris Finney)

These titles were removed with a similar timescale to the Boeing 747-400 passenger fleet, disappearing between 2003 and 2005.

Boeing 777-200/-200ER/-300: Jubilee

SIA’s first Boeing 777s arrived the same year the airline was celebrating its 50th anniversary since it was founded as Malayan Airways, which commenced operations with single pilot six-seater wartime planes on 1st May 1947, flying (then) domestic flights between home base Singapore and Kuala Lumpur, Ipoh and Penang.

Half a century later the airline marked the first delivery of its far more technologically advanced Boeing 777-200ER aircraft by naming the new fleet ‘Jubilee’.

SQ 772 Special Livery 2 (Boeing)
9V-SQA, Singapore Airlines’ first Boeing 777, also carried a special 50th anniversary livery in addition to the ‘Jubilee’ titles. (Photo: Boeing)
SQ 772 Jubilee 2 (Chris Finney)
A Singapore Airlines Boeing 777 in Adelaide with ‘Jubilee’ titles in 2004. (Photo: Chris Finney)

The Boeing 777-300s, first delivered in 1998, also carried the ‘Jubilee’ name.

SQ 773 Jubiliee (Grahame Hutchison)
Boeing 777-300s also carried ‘Jubilee’ titles, like this one landing in Sydney in March 2003. (Photo: Grahame Hutchison)

Never named

Some Singapore Airlines aircraft types never received a name, either because they left service before the naming policy began, or for the more recent types because they entered service after naming ceased.

Prior to naming:

  • Boeing 707 (1972 – 1982)
  • Boeing 727 (1977 – 1985, colloquially these were called ‘High Tails’)
  • Boeing 737 (1972 – 1980)
  • Boeing 757 (1984 – 1990)
  • McDonnell Douglas DC-10 (1975 – 1985)
SQ 757 (Aero Icarus).jpg
The last aircraft type to leave the Singapore Airlines fleet before the naming policy began was the Boeing 757, in 1990. (Photo: Aero Icarus)

Since naming ceased:

  • Airbus A330 (2009 – present)
  • Airbus A350 (2018 – present)
  • Airbus A380 (2007 – present)
  • Boeing 777-300ER (2006 – present)
  • Boeing 787 (2018 – present)

Other special colour schemes

The special 50th anniversary paint job made its way to several aircraft in the fleet in the late 1990s, including this Boeing 747-400 (9V-SMZ).

SQ 744 50th (Aero Icarus)
Boeing 747-400 9V-SMZ wore 50th anniversary colours. (Photo: Aero Icarus)

There were then the pair of ‘tropical’ liveried Boeing 747-400s, which had an elaborate paint scheme applied in September 1998 to promote the airline’s latest First and Business Class products.

Those were the long-gone ‘Skysuite’ First Class and Ultimo Blue / Purple recliners in Business Class. How times have changed!

Unfortunately one of these aircraft, 9V-SPK, crashed while attempting to takeoff on a closed runway at Taipei in October 2000.

SQ 744 Tropical SPK (Martin Oertle)
The ill-fated 9V-SPK landing in Zurich in March 2000. The aircraft sadly crashed 6 months later. (Photo: Martin Oertle)

Sister ship 9V-SPL, which also had the tropical livery, was removed from service and repainted back into standard SIA colours after the accident.

Finally in June and July 2015 a pair of the airline’s flagship Airbus A380s, 9V-SKI and 9V-SKJ, were painted in a commemorative livery to celebrate Singapore’s 50th anniversary of independence.

SQ A380 SG50 (Masakatsu Ukon)
The ‘SG50’ livery. (Photo: Masakatsu Ukon)

The aircraft were returned to their usual colours by mid-2017.

Scoot naming

The only SIA division that now names its aircraft is Scoot, though the format here is a little different. The low-cost carrier assigns a more ‘fun’ name to every individual plane in its fleet, in line with its ‘cheeky’ marketing image.

TR Getting Lei'd (Liam Mackinnon)
Scoot’s more ‘cheeky’ aircraft names are assigned to individual aircraft, rather than fleet types. (Photo: Liam Mackinnon)

Summary

Going back to the days of Singapore Airlines naming its aircraft means (alarmingly for us at least) going back a good couple of decades. We did enjoy them though, and it was sad to see them go.

It’s not totally clear why Singapore Airlines’ aircraft naming policy was abandoned, though it almost certainly came about among other changes made by then-CEO Chew Choon Seng, who also re-assigned ‘Raffles Class’ into the more internationally generic (and arguably necessary) ‘Business Class’ title.

Did you ever fly on a ‘named’ Singapore Airlines aircraft, and do you miss them? Let us know in the comments section below.

(Cover Photo: Chris Finney)

10 comments

  1. SQ has also stopped using the tag line A Great Way to Fly. For a short while, they changed it to More Than Ever, A Great Way to Fly.

  2. The A340-300 was named through a competition held internally by SIA. At the time SIA was celebrating it’s anniversary…can’t remember which. And the staff combined “celestial” and “star”…thus “Celestar”. I read it off their newsletter back in the 90s.

  3. Would the various versions of the star alliance livery count as special liveries too? Besides their 773/333, which other aircraft type/s sport the Star Alliance livery?

    Also, SQ made a small modification to their aircraft tails too under Chew. The 777s have a roof line that slopes down towards the tail of the fuselage. As with many other airlines the paint work on the tail moves along the slope. SQ instead chose to create an invisible line in a way that the golden goose sits parallel with blue paint. This is also evident on the A350, A380 and 787. I wonder if it could be a weight saving issue or just plain aesthetics?

    1. Now that’s a great spot! This was definitely intentional in my opinion. Compared old photos of the 777 and the new ones, the blue paint on the vertical stabiliser is parallel to the ground, leaving a small streak of white underneath. Not sure why exactly, but may be aesthetics.

  4. SIA’s B747-300 Big Top – and not the B747-400 Megatop – were the first to operate a regular nonstop service between London and Singapore, albeit just the one way, eastbound. However, Singapore to London was a one-stop service until the B747-400 was delivered.

  5. Thanks for this amazing article! One thing from me is that SIA actually did have the name for the B747-200 “Super B” painted on the aircraft. You just need to look hard enough. It is in fact written at the rear of the aircraft where the manufactorer and aircraft type resides. For SIA 747-200, it reads “Boeing 747 Super B”. That’s where it was! This was similar to that of the B727 where the manufactor and model was written on the tail engine, which wrote “Boeing 727 Advanced”. As such, for a long time i thought that was their name! Until I read this article and learned they were named “High Tails”, at least when marketing it. It was quite sad that the naming stopped. Would’ve been interesting to see what the new planes are called.

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